Fundamentals

Introduction

1. General Description

1.1 Body

1.2 Engine

Engine Systems

Ignition System

Fuel System

Cooling System

Lubrication System

Exhaust System

1.3 Drivetrain

Clutch or Torque Converter

Transmission

Final Drive

Drive Axles

1.4 Suspension and Steering

1.5 Brakes

Anti-lock Braking System (ABS)

1.6 Electrical System

Battery

Alternator

Wiring Harness and Circuits

2. How To Use This Manual

2.1 Fundamentals

2.2 Lubrication and Maintenance

2.3 Repair Sections

General Description

Maintenance

Troubleshooting

2.4 Using the Search Tab

2.5 Notes, Cautions, and Warnings

3. Getting Started

3.1 Safety

Lifting The Car

3.2 General Advice For The Beginner

Planning Ahead

Cleanliness

Tightening Bolts

Bolt Torque

Gaskets

Seals

Wire Repairs

Cleaning

Electrical Testing

Making An LED Test Light

Disconnecting Wiring Harness Connectors

3.3 Buying Parts

Genuine Volkswagen Parts

Volkswagen Remanufactured Parts

Non-returnable Parts

What Information You Need To Know

4. Tools

Basic Tool Requirements

Jack Stands

Oil Change Equipment

Torque Wrench

Timing Light

Tachometer

Duty Cycle Meter or Dwell Meter

Feeler Gauges

Micrometers

Test Light

Volt-Ohm Meter or Multimeter

Jumper Wires

Volkswagen Special Tools

5. Troubleshooting Fundamentals

5.1 Starting

5.2 Running

5.3 Driving

6. Emergencies

6.1 Changing a Tire

6.2 Car Will Not Start

6.3 Jump-Starting

6.4 Coolant Temperature Warning Light - Overheating

6.5 Oil Pressure Warning Light

6.6 Dim Lights

6.7 Towing

6.8 Spare Parts Kit

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