6.2 Cold Start Enrichment
The electrically operated cold-start valve sprays extra fuel into the intake manifold for several seconds when the starter is actuated and the engine is cold.
On cars with CIS-E fuel injection, the valve is controlled by the thermo-time switch which senses engine coolant temperature. When the engine is cold the switch is closed, allowing power to reach the valve and open it. When the engine is warm, the switch is open and the valve does not operate. To limit valve operation and prevent flooding, the electric current also warms the switch and opens the circuit after a few seconds.
On 1.8 liter 16-valve engines, the cold-start valve is located in the intake manifold and the thermo-time switch is mounted in the end of the cylinder head, as shown in Fig. 6-20. For all other engines equipped with CIS-E fuel injection, the cold-start valve and the thermo-time switch locations are the same as for CIS, shown earlier in Fig. 5-6.
On 2.0 liter 16-valve engines with CIS-E Motronic, the cold-start valve's operation is controlled by the Motronic control unit based on input from the coolant temperature sensor. These components are shown in Fig. 6-21. The Motronic control unit controls how long the valve operates. It also controls the rate of fuel delivery, pulsing the valve to vary the amount of time the valve is open (duty cycle) by controlling the ground side of the circuit.
If the cold-start valve fails to inject fuel during cold starting, it will be difficult or impossible to start the engine. If the cold-start valve leaks, the engine may receive extra fuel at the wrong time and become flooded. This problem may especially affect hot starting.
To test cold-start valve:
Finally, wipe the nozzle dry and check the cold-start valve for leakage. The valve should not become wet or drip for at least a minute. If it does, it is faulty and should be replaced.
When replacing the cold-start valve, the sealing washers on either side of the fuel line fitting should be replaced. Torque the mounting bolts and the fuel line banjo bolt to 10 Nm (87 in. lb.).
To test thermo-time switch (CIS-E):
To replace the thermo-time switch, first drain the coolant from the engine as described in COOLING SYSTEM. Use a thread sealant and torque the new switch to 30 Nm (22 ft. lb.). Then, refill the cooling system with coolant.
On CIS-E Motronic systems, the Motronic control unit varies the amount of time that the cold-start valve operates, according to input from the coolant temperature sensor. Fig. 6-25 is a graph of Motronic cold-start valve operating time as a function
of coolant temperature. Fig. 6-26 is a graph of resistance vs. temperature for the Motronic coolant temperature sensor.
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